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मंगलवार, 17 मई 2011

AMALIKA


Amalika


BOTANICAL NAME TAMARINDUS INDICUS 



FAMILY CAESALPINIACEAE
OTHER NAMES
 SANSKRIT » Abdika, Ambia, Amilam, Amla, Amlavraksha, Amli, Amlika, Atyamba, Bhukta, Charitra, Chincha, Chinchika, Chuk yamadutika, Chukrika, Chukru, Cinca, Cincini, Dantashatha, Gurupatra, Panktipatra, Pichhila, Sarvamla, Shakachukrika, Suchakrika, Sukta, Sutintidi, Tentrani, Tindidika, Tintidi, Tintidika, Tintili, Tintilivija, Tintiri, Tintrani, Tintrini, Tintuli, Tittidi, Tittidika, Umblee, Vrksamla, Ra
 HINDI » Amli, Amlica, Ampli, Anbli, Imli, Nuli, Tamrulhindi, Teter, Amili, Hunase, Ambli, Imali, Katara, Sadad, Amlyaum
 URDU » Tamar hindi, Imli muqqashar, Maghz tukhm tamar hindi, Maghz tukhm imli, Imli
 ENGLISH » Tamarind
 ASSAMESE » Teteli, Tetuli, Tentul
 BENGALI » Tinturi, Tintiri, Tintil, Tetai, Tentul, Nuli, Ambli
 KANNADA » Amli, Huli, Hunashe-hannu, Hunasemara, Aamla, Huli hunise, Hunachi, Hunise, Hunase mara, Amblairo, Amla, Amlike, Asam, Gotu
 MALYALAM » Amlam, Amlika, Balam-pulli, Kolpuli, Madhurappuli, Puli, Puliyam-pazham, Singa, Sukram, Tintrini, Valampuli, Valanpuli, Chinoh
 MANIPURI » Mangge
 MARATHI » Rojiacha-phulchinch, Chintz, Ambali, Amli, Chicha, Chinch, Chincha, Chitz, Aambali, Aamli
 MIZORAM » Tengtere, Tengere, Teng-te-re
 ORIYA » Tengtere, Tengere, Thenthuli gatch
 PERSIAN » Anbalah, Tamar-i-hindi
 TAMIL » Ambilam, Amilam, Amiligai, Egin, Eginam, Indam, Kinjam, Mugini, Odimam, Puli, Puli amailam, Sanjivagarani, Puliyam-pazham
 TELGU » Amlaki, Amlika, Chinta, Chinta-pandu, Cintacettu, Cintapandu, Sinja, Sinta, Tintrini, Tintrinikamu, Chincha, Cinca, Cinta
 TIBETAN » Bse yab, Bse-yab

DESCRIPTION
A large evergreen tree; bark dark grey, longitudnally fissured. Leaves 4-12 cm long; leaflets 10-20 pairs, oblong, 8-20 * 5-8 mm, petioles very short. Flowers yellow, in few flowered lax racemes at the ends of branchlets.

DISTRIBUTION
A native of Tropical Africa and perhaps southern India. It is extensively naturalised in India and also cultivated in almost all tropical regions.

CULTIVATION 
It can grow on soils ranging from gravel to deep alluvial; thrives best in deep loam. It is essentially a tree of tropical climate, tolerating temperature upto 47 degree celsius, but is very sensitive to frost.

PART (S) USED FRUIT PULP, SEED, LEAF, SAAR
CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS
Hordenine, C-glycosides, Glucose, Galactose, Xylose, Arabinose, Cardenolide, Lactic acid, Malic acid, Oxalic acid, Succinic acid, Citric acid, Amino acid, Pipecolinic acid,Protein, Riboflavin, Niacin, Carotene, Tamarindinal

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
 Guru, Ruksha
 Madhur, Amal
 Amal
 Ushan
 Rochan

PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTION
Antiinflammatory, Antifungal, Immunomodulatory, Antioxidative, Insecticidal

THERAPEUTIC USES Coolant
 Abdominal disorders
 Sperm disorders
FORMULATIONS (Yog)
Astangulavana churna
Bala taila
Hinguvachadi churna
Hingvadi churna
Yavani sandav

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