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मंगलवार, 17 मई 2011

Bakuchi



BAKUCHI
BOTANICAL NAME PSORALEA CORYLIFOLIA



FAMILY LEGUMINOSAE
OTHER NAMES
 SANSKRIT » Aindavi, Asitatvacha, Avalguja, Bakuchi, Bakuci, Candralekha, Candrasakala, Chvakuchi, Chandralekha, Chandraprabha, Chandri, Indralekha, Induraji, Indurajika, Kalameshi, Kalameshika, Kamboji, Kandughni, Kantaka, Kantida, Krimighna, Krishna, Krishnaphala, Krsnaphala, Kushtaghni, Kushthahantri, Kushthanashini, Kustaghni, Putigandha, Putiphala, Putiphali, Sasankhalekha, Shashilekha, Shulotkha, Sita, Sitavari, Soma, Somaraja, Somaraji, Somavalli, Somavallika, Sugandhakantak, Suparnika, Suprabha, Suvalli, Suvallika, Tvagadoshapaha, Vakoochie, Vakuci, Valguja, Vanguji, Vejani, Andraraji
 HINDI » Babachi, Babchi, Babci, Bachi, Bakuci, Bavanchi, Bavanchiyan, Bavchiyan, Bhavaj, Bhavanj, Bukchi, Bavchi, Bakhni
 BENGALI » Habuch
 PUNJABI » Bavchi
 ENGLISH » Psoralea seed, Bawchan seed
 URDU » Babchi, Bavachi, Bakuchi, Babechi
 KANNADA » Bavanchi, Somaraji, Baavanchi gida, Baahujige, Baavanchi, Baavanjee gida, Baavuje, Karbeck beeja
 MARATHI » Bavanchi, Babachi, Babchi, Bavachi, Bavachya, Baavanchi, Bavchi


DESCRIPTION
An erect herbaceous annual, 60 - 120 cm high with grooved and gland-dotted stems and branches. Leaves simple, broadly elliptic, rounded and mucronate at apex, clothed with white hairs on both surfaces, covered with numerous black dots, main nerves 5, originating fromm base.

DISTRIBUTION
Globally the species is distributed in Pakistan, India, SriLanka, Myanmar (earlier Burma), China and Arabia. Within India, it is seen along roadsides and waste places of the tropical regions. It is cultivated in several tropical regions of India.

CULTIVATION 
The plant thrives well in areas with low to medium rainfall during summer months and on a variety of soils ranging from sandy, medium loam to black cotton in dry tropical regions of India.

PART (S) USED SEED, SEED OIL
DOSE Churna 1 - 3 gms.
CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS
Raffinose, Psoralen, Isopsoralen, Corylifolean, Psoralidin, Isopsoralidin, Triacontane, Bavachromene, Bavachalcone, Neobavachalcone, Corylidin, Corylinal, Angelicin, Psoralene, Bakuchiol, Sitosterol, Psoralen

PHYSICAL CONSTITUENTS Foreign matter 2 %, Total ash 8 %, Acid insoluble ash 2 %, Alcohol soluble extractive 13 %, Water soluble extractive 11 %
AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
 GUNA (Quality)
 RASA (Taste)
 VIPAK (Metabolism)
 VIRYA (Potency)
 PRABHAV (Impact)
 Laghu, Ruksha
 Katu, Tikt
 Katu
 Ushan
 Kusthghan

PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTION
Antibacterial, Antistaphylococcal, Antifungal, Anthelmintic, Ntiinflmmatory, Vasodilator, Antitumour, Mild nematicidal, Central muscle relaxant, Mild hypotensive, Spasmolytic, Antipyretic

THERAPEUTIC USES Skin disorders
 Nervine tonic
 Abdominal disorders
 Leprosy
 Anti-pyretic
FORMULATIONS (Yog)
Brhanmanjisthadi kvath churna
Brihat guduchi taila
Chandraprabha vati
Khadirarista
Mahamanjisthadyarishta

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