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मंगलवार, 17 मई 2011

Aavartani




AAVARTANI
BOTANICAL NAME HELICTERES ISORA


FAMILY STERCULIACEAE
OTHER NAMES
 SANSKRIT » Avaratani, Avartani, Avartaphala, Avartiphala, Avarttani, Avatarini, Avurtunnie, Awartaki, Awartani, Mrgasrngi, Mrigashinga, Mrigashringa, Murva
 URDU » Marorphali, Bhendu, Jonkaphal, Kapasi, Maraphali, Marodphali, Marophali, Marori, Marosi, Maror phalli, Maror phal, Maror phali, Maror-phali, Amli, Aat hateri, Hateri
 HINDI » Marorphali, Marodphalli, Maror phali
 BENGALI » Pet chamra, Gamochra, Atmora, Antmachra
 ENGLISH » Indian srew- tree
 KANNADA » Ishvaramuri, Isora-murri, Itampirivalampiri, Kaivalanara, Kaiyuna
 MARATHI » Maedasingi, Kevani, Muradasinge, Kewan, Muradsing, Marodphali
 ORIYA » Antia
 TAMIL » Vadampiri, Valamburi, Valampiri, Valampuri, Valumberi, Valampuri-kay
 TELGU » Adasamanti, Adasyamali, Adavi-camanti, Gubadarra, Guvalada

DESCRIPTION
Woody shrub or small tree 2-3 m tall, young shoots tellate hairy, bark thin and strong. Laves simple, bifarious, 7.5-13.5 * 5-8 cm, oblong-obovate or roundish, cordate, scabrous, clothd with stellate hairs on both surfaces.

DISTRIBUTION
Globally the species is distributed in the Paleotropics from India to Australia. In India it is distributed from Jhelum Eastwards to Nepal, Bihar, West Bengal, Central, Western and Southern India. This species is globally distributed in the Paleotropics. Within India, it is found almost throughout in moist deciduous forests near flowing water streams.

CULTIVATION
It is easily propagated by sed sown during the rainy season. It requires rich humu soil and thrives in places where the rinfall is 300 cm per annum and above.

PART (S) USED ROOT, LEAF, FRUIT
DOSE Kwath 50 - 100 ml, Fruit churna 3 - 6 gm
CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS
Amyrins, Friedelin, Lupeol, Taraxerone, Rosmarinic acid
 
AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
 GUNA (Quality)
 RASA (Taste)
 VIPAK (Metabolism)
 VIRYA (Potency)
 PRABHAV (Impact)
 Laghu, Ruksha
 Kashay
 Katu
 Sheet
 Stambhan

PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTION
Antigalactagogue, Mild stimulant, Antispasmodic, Hypolipidaemic, Insulin sensitizing activity

THERAPEUTIC USES
 Skin disorders
 Abdominal disorders
 Urinary tract infection
 Diabetes

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