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मंगलवार, 17 मई 2011

Akshot



AKSHOT
BOTANICAL NAME JUGLANS REGIA 



FAMILY JAGLANDACEAE
OTHER NAMES
 SANSKRIT » Akshot, Asod
 HINDI » Akhrot

DESCRIPTION
A large deciduous tree, upto 30 m high; bark grey, longitudinally fissured, aromatic. Leaves 14-40 cm long, imparipinnate, young leaves tomentose; leaflets 5-9, the terminal largest, elliptic to oblong-lanceolate, entire.

DISTRIBUTION
This species is globally distributed from South East Europe to Himalaya, China and Russia, naturalised in United States. Within India, it has been recorded in Temperate Himalayas between an altitude of 3000-10000 feet, Lahaul-Spiti (Jalma-Thirot), Meghalaya (Khasia Hills) and Tamil Nadu (Palni: Kodaikanal, 2100 metres) in both cultivated and wild state.

CULTIVATION 
Though walnut grows in unreclaimed and poor soils, it prefers well drained silt loam soil for best growth with an annual rainfall of 75 cm or more.The trees are generally raised from seedlings.

PART (S) USED NOT AVAILABLE
CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS
Globulin, Juglansin, Ascorbic acid, Oxalic acid, Juglone, Amino acid, Citrulline, Juglone, Betulinic acid, Berberine, Flavonoid sakuranetetin, Monoterpenes, Sesquiterpenes, Hydrocarbons, Eugenol

PHYSICAL CONSTITUENTS Foreign matter 5 %, Total ash 2 %, Acid insoluble ash 0.5 %, Alcohol soluble extractive 10.0 %, Water soluble extractive 7.0 %
AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES

 Guru, Snigdh
 Madhur
 Madhur
 Ushan
 Not available

PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTION
Antibacterial, Anti-haemorrhagic, Antiviral, Hypocholesteremic, Antiinflammatory, Antifeedant, Hypoglycaemic, Antifungal, Sedative 

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