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मंगलवार, 17 मई 2011

Babul




BABUL
BOTANICAL NAME ACACIA ARABICA



FAMILY LEGUMINOSAE
OTHER NAMES
 SANSKRIT » Babool, Yugamkany, Kinkiraat, Koudia babul
 HINDI » Babul, Kikar, Babla, Babul, Babur, Kikar, Ikkar
 URDU » Kikkar
 BENGALI » Babla
 KANNADA » Babul
 MALYALAM » Gond kikar biriyan, Samagh arab saida, Gond kikar pisa hua, Kikar ki khusk pattay, Kikar ka koila, Gond kikar saida, Gond sayida, Aqaqia, Gond babul, Gond kikar, Phali kikar, Poast kikar
 ORIYA » Babur, Babul, Babla
 TAMIL » Babbuli, Barbara, Barbura, Bauni, Bobbuli, Gobbali, Jali, Karibela, Karigi, Karijali, Karjali, Ramakanti, Kariki, Karrijali, Ramkantai, Bambolero
 TELGU » Karivelam, Karruvallam, Karuvelagum, Karuvelakam, Karuvelakkam, Karuvelam, Babola, Karuvelum

DESCRIPTION 
A moderate sized, almost evergreen tree, ususally upto 15 m high. Leaves bipinnate with spinescent stipules. Flowers golden yellow, fragrant, crowded in long stalked globose heads.

DISTRIBUTION 
This species has a global distribution in the Paleotropics. Within India, it is found throughout the drier parts.

CULTIVATION 
The tree thrives best on alluvial loam and black cotton soils. Seeds collected from the litter of goats germinate more freely and easily. In the drie districts, it should be planted as a thick belt along all roads to form a roadside avenue. Seed is gathered in April.

PART (S) USED LEAF, FRUIT, NIRYAAS
DOSE Leaf juice 50 - 100 ml, Fruit churna 3 - 6 gm, Niryaas 3 - 6 gm
CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS 
Catechin, Epicatechin, Dicatechin, Epigallo catechin, Gallic acid, Leucocyanidine gallate, Galactose, Rhamnose, Arabinose, Leucocyanidin, Isoquercetin

PHYSICAL CONSTITUENTS Ash value 7.65 - 7.75, Acid insoluble ash 0.93 - 0.97, Water insoluble ash 9.40 - 10.05 %, Crude fibre 14.75 %, Alcohol soluble extractive 31.33 %, Water soluble extractive 21.43 %, Total ash 15.5 %
AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
 GUNA (Quality)
 RASA (Taste)
 VIPAK (Metabolism)
 VIRYA (Potency)
 PRABHAV (Impact)
 Guru, Ruksha
 Kashay
 Katu
 Sheet
 Stambhan

PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTION 

Antiprotozoal, Hypotensive, Spasmolytic, Hypoglycaemic, Cns depressant, Anti-fungal

THERAPEUTIC USES Micturitive
 Skin disorders
 Rakta-pitta shamak
 Coolant
 Excretes out toxins
 Cough

FORMULATIONS (Yog)
Angoorasava
Babbularista 

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