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मंगलवार, 17 मई 2011

Baheda



BAHEDA
BOTANICAL NAME TERMINALIA BELLERICA



FAMILY COMBRETACEAE
OTHER NAMES
 SANSKRIT » Akasha, Aksa, Aksah, Aksaka, Aksha, Anilaghnaka, Baheduka, Baheruha, Baheruka, Bahira, Bahuvirya, Behedakah, Bhuta-vasah, Bhutavasa, Bibhita, Bibhitaka, Bibhitakah, Bibhitaki, Harya, Kali, Kalidruma, Kalidrumah, Kaligrvamah, Kalinda, Kalivriksha, Kaliyugalaya, Kalkidharmaghrah, Kalpavriksha, Karsaphala, Karsaphalah, Karshapalah, Karshaphala, Kasaghna, Kushika, Mrgalindaka, Samvartaki, Sanvarta, Tailaphala, Talaphala, Tilapushpaka, Tusha, Vasanta, Vasanthah, Vibhitaka, Vibhitakah, Vibhitakam, Vibhitaki, Vipitakaha, Vishaghna
 HINDI » Bahera, Baheda, Behara, Behra, Bh-airah, Bhaira, Bhairach, Bharla, Bhera, Buhura, Bulla, Sagona, Bh-aira, Bahirda, Vibhitaka, Behera, Banera, Veda, Deshi-badam
 URDU » Baleela, Balela (bahera), Triphala, Poast i bahera, Poast-i- bahera, Halila siyah, Poast halila zard, Tirphalo, Tirphala, Bahera, Poast bahera
 ENGLISH » Belliric myrobalan
 ASSAMESE » Hulluch, Bauri, Bhamora, Bhoira, Bowa, Dubong, Silli, Dhubong, Bhomora
 BENGALI » Buhuru, Boyra, Bohora, Bohera, Bhairach, Behera, Bahura, Bahira, Baheri, Bahera, Lopong
 KANNADA » Behara, Santikayi, Shanti-mara, Tanrikai, Tari, Tari-kayi, Tnrikayi, Thani, Aakaashamara, Shaanthi mara, Thaaremara, Tharimara, Santi
 KHASI » Dieng rinyn, Dieng sohkhoru
 MALYALAM » Tani, Tanni, Tannikai, Tannikka, Tusham, Thare, Thani, Thaanni, Adamarutha
 MANIPURI » Bahera
 MARATHI » Beheda, Beda, Berda, Bherda, Baheda, Bahera, Sagwan, Yehela behada, Baira, Balra, Beharda, Behasa, Bhirda, Hela, Goting, Vavara, Vela, Yehelabehada, Yela, Gotimg
 ORIYA » Barda
 PERSIAN » Baleela, Balilah
 TAMIL » Akkam, Akkana, Akkandam, Ambalatti, Kalanduri, Kalitturumam, Kandugamsadagam, Sirottam, Tanni, Tanri, Tanrikkai, Tanikkay
 TELGU » Bhutavasamu tadi, Kattu-olupoe, Tadi, Tandi, Tandikaya, Tandra, Tandra-kaya, Tani, Thana, Thandra, Vibhitakamu, Thadi
DISTRIBUTION
This species is distributed in the Indo-Malesian region, Sri Lanka and Indo-China. Within India it is found throughout the plains and in the lower hills in Arunachal Pradesh and in the Western Ghats of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

CULTIVATION
It grows on a variety of soils where moisture supply is not deficient; the best fgrowth, however, is seen on deep sandy loam soil with good subsoil draiange. It is also found in drier zones, but requires watering for establishment.

PART (S) USED FRUIT
DOSE Churna 3-6 gms.
CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS
Chebulagic acid, Ellagic acid, Ethyl ester, Gallic acid, Mannitol, Rhamnose, Bellericanin, Oxalic acid, Palmitic, Oleic acid, Linoleic acid

PHYSICAL CONSTITUENTS Foreign matter 2 %, Total ash 7 %, Acid insoulble ash 1 %, Alcohol soluble extractive 8 %, Water soluble extractive 35 %
AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
 GUNA (Quality)
 RASA (Taste)
 VIPAK (Metabolism)
 VIRYA (Potency)
 PRABHAV (Impact)
 Laghu, Ruksha
 Kashay
 Madhur
 Ushan
 Chedan

PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTION
Purgative, Blood pressure depressant, Antifungal, Antihistaminic, Viral hepatitis, Vitiligo, Antiasthmatic, Broncho-dilatory, Amoebicidal, Antistress, Endurance promoting activity

THERAPEUTIC USES Expectorant
 Anti-emetic
 Quenches thirst
 Digstive disordres
FORMULATIONS (Yog)
Abhrak bhasma
Agnitundi vati
Amavatari rasa
Aravindasava
Arogyavardhini gutika
Asanabilvadi taila
Ashokarishta
Ashvagandha taila
Ashvakanchuki rasa
Avipatikar churna
Baladhatryadi taila
Bhuvneshvara vati
Bilvadi gutika
Brhacchagaladya ghrita
Brhanmanjisthadi kvath churna
Brihadagnikumar rasa
Brihat guduchi taila
Brihat phal ghrita
Brihat vidyadharabhra rasa
Brihatcchrngarabhra rasa
Chandramrit rasa
Chandraprabha vati
Dantyadyarishta
Dashmoolpanchakoladi kvath churna
Dhanvantara taila
Eladi ghrita
Eladya modaka
Elanir kuzambu
Erand paka
Gokshuradi guggulu
Gorochanadi vati
Guduchi lauha
Haridra khanda
Hridayarnava rasa
Irimedadi taila
Jalodarari rasa
Jirakadi modaka
Jivantyadi ghrita
Kaishore guggulu
Kaishore guggulu
Kalaka churna
Kalakuta rasa
Kalyana ksara
Kalyanak ghrita
Kalyanaka guda
Kanchanar guggulu
Kasturyadi gutika
Khadiradi gutika (kasa)
Khadiradi gutika (mukharoga)
Khadirarista
Kumaryasava (a)
Kutajavaleha
Laghu cinkadik lehya
Lakshminarayana rasa
Lohasava
Madhusnuhi rasayana
Maha panchgavya ghrita
Maha triphaladya ghrita
Maha yogaraj guggulu
Mahatiktaka ghrita
Makardhwaj rasayan
Manasamitra gutika
Mandoor vataka
Manjisthadi taila
Mehamudgar rasa
Mritsanjivani gutika
Mukkamukkatuvadi gutika
Nagarjunanjan
Nalpamaradi taila
Narasimha ghrita rasayana
Narayana churna
Navayas churna
Navayas lauha
Nilikadya taila
Nyagrodhadi churna
Pancha guna taila
Panchanimb churna
Panchtikta ghrita
Patoladi ghrita
Patolamuladi kvath churna
Phal ghrita
Phaltrikadi kvath churna
Pradarantak lauha
Prameha mihira taila
Punarnava guggulu
Punarnavadi mandoor
Punarnavasava
Rodhrasava
Rohitak lauha
Rohitakarishta
Sanjivani vati
Saptamrita lauha
Saptavimsatika guggulu
Sarasvatarishta
Sarvajvarahar lauha
Satmulyadi lauha
Saubhagya vati (jwar)
Shothari mandur
Siddhapranes vara rasa
Simhanada guggulu
Soolavajrini vatika
Sukramatrka vati
Surana vataka
Taramandur guda
Trayantyadi kvath churna
Triphala churna
Triphala guggulu
Triphala kashay churna
Triphala kvath churna
Triphala mandur
Triphaladi taila
Vajra kshara
Vajraka ghrita
Vajraka taila
Varishoshan rasa
Vasachandanadi taila
Vasaguducyadi kvath churna
Vastyamayantaka ghrita
Vataraktantaka rasa
Vataraktantaka rasa
Vatari guggulu
Vatari rasa
Vidangadi lauha
Vimla vartti
Vyosadi guggulu
Yogaraj guggulu
Yograj 

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