International Seminar-Workshop-Wellness through Ayurveda will be organized at Rishikesh on 3-4th October 2015..Please Register your self at http://ayushdarpan.org
Previous issues of AYUSH DARPAN in Hindi is now available online visit:http://ayushdarpan.org

मंगलवार, 17 मई 2011

Beejak



BEEJAK
BOTANICAL NAME--- PTEROCARPUS MARSUPIUM



FAMILY LEGUMINOSAE
OTHER NAMES
 SANSKRIT » Asana, Asanah, Bandhukapushpa, Bija, Bijaka, Bijakah, Bijavriksha, Mahakutaja, Mahasarja, Nilaka, Paramayudha, Pitasala, Pitasalaka, Pitasara, Pitashala, Priyaka, Priyasalaka, Sauri
 HINDI » Banda, Bia, Bija, Bijasal, Bijasar, Bijesar, Bijesar-ka-per, Biya, Hiradokhi, Peisar, Piasal, Pitshola, Vijayasar, Hira-dokhi, Kholar-manda, Rang-barat, Piasai, Pitasara, Bija sal, Beeya, Bebla, Bija-sal
 URDU » Damulakhvain, Bijasar, Dam-ul-akhwain, Dam al akhwain, Gond china ar dhak, Damul-akhwain
 ENGLISH » Gamalu, East indian kino, Malabar kino, Maidu
 KANNADA » Benga, Bethonne, Bibla, Hanemara, Hannemara, Honne, Netturuhonne, Olehonne, Roktahonne, Bengai, Baenga mara, Honne mara, Kempu honne
 MALYALAM » Karintakara, Malantakara, Venna, Venna-maram, Venga, Honne, Karinthagara, Vengai, Vengay, Veuga
 MARATHI » Bibla, Honne, Asan, Asana, Dhorbenla, Honi, Huni, Asaaha, Bivala, Paleasan
 TAMIL » Asanam, Kani, Kurinji, Pidagaragam, Pidasaralam, Pirasaram, Sarudagam, Sarvasadagam, Tamisu, Tannini, Vengai, Venkai-c-ciray, Acamai
 TELGU » Asana, Beddagi, Egisa, Peddagi, Peddavegisa, Peddegi, Pedegu, Vegi, Vegisa, Vengisa, Yegi, Yegisi, Yerra yegisa, Yegisa

DESCRIPTION
A moderate sized to large deciduous tree, upto 30 m high. Leaves imparipinnate, leaflets 5 to 7 oblong. Flowers yellowish, fragrant in large panicles. Pods orbicular and flat also wiged upto 5 cm in diameter.

DISTRIBUTION
Globally the species is distributed in India and SriLanka. Within India it is found in the hilly regions throughout the Deccan Peninsula (Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu) and extending to Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Orissa. This species has a restricted global distribution occuring only in India and Sri Lanka. Within India, it is found in the hilly regions of Deccan Peninsula, extending to Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Orissa.

CULTIVATION
It prefers a soil with a fair proportion of sand, though it is often found on red loam with a certain amount of clay. The normal rainfall in its natural habitat ranges from 75 to 200 cm

PART (S) USED KAAND-SAAR,. NIRYAAS
DOSE Kwath 50 - 100 ml, Churna 3 - 6 gm, Niryaas 1 - 3 gm
CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS
Kinotannic acid, Eudesmol, Marsupol, Carpusin, Propterol, A flavone, Pterostilbebe, Marsupin, A new chalcone derivative, Psuedobaptigenin, Liquiritigenin, Non-glusidal tanin, Kinoin, Protocatechuic acid

PHYSICAL CONSTITUENTS Foreign matter - 2 %, Total ash - 2 %, Acid insoluble ash - 0.5 %, Alcohol soluble extractive - 7 %, Water soluble extractive 5 %
AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
 GUNA (Quality)
 RASA (Taste)
 VIPAK (Metabolism)
 VIRYA (Potency)
 PRABHAV (Impact)
 Laghu, Ruksha
 Kashay, Tikt
 Katu
 Sheet
 Madhumeh-har

PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTION
Extractive of heartwood showed statistically significant hypoglycaemic action in fasting rabbits 3 and 5 hours after oral administration. alcoholic extract of stem significantly lowered blood sugar and improved glucose tolerance of rabits.

THERAPEUTIC USES Blood disorders
 Diabetes
 Analgeic
 Skin disorders

1 टिप्पणी: