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मंगलवार, 17 मई 2011

Agastay



AGASTAY
BOTANICAL NAME SESBANIA GRANDIFLORA


FAMILY LEGUMINOSAE
OTHER NAMES
 SANSKRIT » Agasthya, Agasti, Agastih, Agastivaka, Agastya, Agastyah, Agati, Buka, Dirghaphalaka, Dirghashimbi, Kharadhvansi, Kumbhayoni, Kumbhayonih, Kusuma, Muni, Munidruma, Munidrumah, Munipriya, Munipushpa, Munitaru, Pavitra, Raktapushpa, Shighrapushpa, Sthulapushpa, Surapriya, Vaka, Vakrapushpa, Vakrapuspa, Vakrapuspah, Vangasena, Vangasenah, Vranapaha, Vranari, Kanali
 HINDI » Agast, Agasti, Agastoya, Agust, Agusta, Bak, Basna, Hadaga, Hadga, Hathia, Hathya, Hatiya, Jalt, Jhijan, Balmota, Jayanti
 URDU » Agast
 ENGLISH » Bakphul
 BENGALI » Bak, Agasthi, Bakphool, Bak phool
 KANNADA » Agaci, Agase, Agasemara, Agasi, Bakapushpa, Kempagase, Agache, Chinna daare, Agace, Agashi, Chogache
 MALYALAM » Agatti, Agaty, Akatti, Argati, Argatti, Athi, Atti, Agati
 MARATHI » Shewari, Jainti, Sirimonta, Agasta, Agasti, Agastiya, Agathi, Agati, Chopchini, Shevari, Agastha, Agasthi, Agasthiya, Haadga, Agosto
 ORIYA » Vranari
 TAMIL » Acham, Agatti, Attikkirai, Kariram, Muni, Peragatti, Sevvagatti, Akatti, Akattikkirai, Agathi keerai, Argati, Athi, Agathi, Agaththi, Agati, Chittakathi
 TELGU » Agise, Aneesay, Avasinara, Avesi, Avise, Avisi, Bakapushpam, Ettagise, Sukanasamu, Tellayavise, Tella-suiminta, Aushika

DESCRIPTION
A small tree, 6-9 m high with spreading branches. Leaves 15-30 cm long, pinnate; leaflets 10-30 pairs, linear-oblong or oblong-elliptic, glabrous above, thnily pubescent beneath. Flowers 6.0-10 cm long, white,pink or crimson, in lax, 2-4 flowered racemes.

DISTRIBUTION
This species is native to Indonesia and Malesia, globally distributed in the Pantropics. Within India, it is cultivated in many parts such as Punjab, Delhi, Bengal, Assam, Tripura, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and the Andaman Islands.

CULTIVATION
It is a native of Malaysia, now cultivated in many parts of tropical India. It grows from sea level to about 800 m altitude. The species can grow on a variety of soils, including black cotton soil, poorely structured clays and even water logged areas, but prefers well drained deep sandy loam soi.

PART (S) USED PANCHAANG
DOSE Swaras 10 - 20 ml, Kwath 40 - 100 ml
CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS
Grandifloral, Kaempferol, 3, 7-diglucoside, Leucocyanidin, Cyanidin-3-glucoside, Arginine, Histidine, Isoleucine, Phenylalanine, Tryptophan, Valine, Threonine, Asparagine, Aspartic acid, Galactose, Rhamnose, Glucuronic acid

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
 GUNA (Quality)
 RASA (Taste)
 VIPAK (Metabolism)
 VIRYA (Potency)
 PRABHAV (Impact)
 Ruksha, Laghu
 Tikt
 Katu
 Sheet
 Kashar

PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTION
Hypotensive, Cardiac depressant, Diuretic, Antiinflammatory, Antibacterial, Antipyretic, Hypoglycaemic

THERAPEUTIC USES Respiratory problems
 Urinary tract infection
 Excretes out toxins
 Flowers used in leucorrhoea
 Skin disordres

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