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बुधवार, 18 मई 2011

Hair problems

People with curly hair often counter the problems of dryness, friz and breakage. Thus, curly hair indeed call for an extra effort at their maintenance but the curly hair products available in market do no good to your hair in a long run. Thus, mentioned under are few natural tips that can help you manage your curly mane in the best possible manner naturally.
Have a look at few effective curly hair tips here:

Curly Hair Dryness
-Curly hair most often are dry and frizzy which need ample amount of moisture. Drinking loads of water helps hydrate not only the body but the hair too. Apart from that people with curly hair should also incorporate olive oil in their diet as it ends up in shine and softness in hair.

-Dryness of naturally curly hair can also be treated well with emu oil and jojoba oil. These are easily found in shampoos and also in pure forms. In fact emu oil is known for its super hydrating and deep penetrating ability. Just massage your curls and scalp with one of oils on regular basis and experience the difference for yourself.

Check out detailed information and home remedies relating to hair problems at : Hair Care

Curly Hair Breakage
-Curly hair styles are also prone to breakage and thus, needs additional protein supplement for hair repair. Deep conditioning with natural products can help a great deal in this context. All you need to do is, mix eggs and mayonnaise in 1:2 ratio and beat it well. Now run this conditioner content into your hair and cover the head with a cap. Leave it as it for 30-45 minutes and then rinse it off. This deep conditioning treatment helps in repairing the hair and render them smooth and shining.

You might also be interested in: Hair Straightening : The Natural Way

Lusterless Curly Hair
-In most cases, curly hair are not as shiny and lustrous as straight hair. Thus, to add sheen and luster to your curly hair, just moisten your hair and massage the scalp and hair generously with a refined oil like sesame or apricot. Once the oiling is done, wrap your hair with a warm towel and leave it for at least an hour. Now, remove the towel and apply the paste of fuller's earth on the head. Rinse it off after a while by shampooing with lukewarm water. Lastly, run little amount of refined oil in towel dried, damp hair. Let your hair dry naturally. This would make the curls appear a lot more shinier and prominent.

Split Ends in Curly Hair
-Another common problem found in curly hair is split ends. Olive oil treatment is best for getting rid of it. What you have to do is, massage the hair and scalp well with olive oil and wrap the head with a towel dipped in hot water. Keep it as it is for around two hours and let your hair steam. Next,wash your hair using yogurt (buttermilk in case of oily hair). Rinse it off and shampoo your hair the next day. Repeating this treatment on a weekly basis for 3-4 weeks would render excellent results....

VD. Sushant Shashikant Patil
MD Ayurved.

मंगलवार, 17 मई 2011

Gum Disease

Gum Disease

Gum disease is an infection of the tissues and bones that surround and support the teeth. It is also called periodontal disease.
The two stages of gum disease are called gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is mild gum disease that affects only the gums, the tissue that surrounds the teeth. Periodontitis is gum disease that gets worse and spreads below the gums to damage the tissues and bone that support the teeth.
  • Gingivitis causes red, swollen gums that bleed easily when the teeth are brushed. Because gingivitis usually doesn't cause pain, many people don't get the treatment they need.
  • Periodontitis develops if gum disease gets worse. The gums pull away from the teeth, leaving deep pockets where germs called bacteria can grow and damage the bone that supports the teeth. Gums can also shrink back from the teeth. This can make the teeth look longer.

Causes of gum disease

Your mouth constantly makes a clear, sticky substance called plaque that contains bacteria. The bacteria in plaque make poisons, or toxins, that irritate the gums and cause the gum tissues to break down. If you don't do a good job of removing plaque from your teeth, it can spread below the gums and damage the bone that supports the teeth. With time, the plaque hardens into a substance called tartar that has to be removed
You are more likely to get gum disease if you:
  • Do not clean your teeth well.
  • Smoke or chew tobacco.
  • Have someone in your family who has gum disease.
  • Have a condition that makes it harder for your body to fight infection, such as:
    • Uncontrolled diabetes, AIDS, or leukemia.
    • A high level of stress.
    • A poor diet that’s low in nutrients.


It may be hard to tell if you have a mild case of gum disease. Healthy gums are pink and firm, fit snugly around the teeth, and do not bleed easily. But mild cases of gum disease (gingivitis) cause:
  • Gums that are red, swollen, and tender.
  • Gums that bleed easily during brushing or flossing.
As gum disease gets worse (periodontitis), the symptoms are easier to see, such as:
  • Gums that pull away or shrink from the teeth.
  • Bad breath that won't go away.
  • Pus coming from the gums.
  • A change in how your teeth fit together when you bite.
  • Loose teeth.

Prevention of Gum Disease

Gum disease is most common in adults, but it can affect anyone, even children. So good dental habits are important throughout your life:
  • Brush your teeth 2 times a day, in the morning and before bedtime, with a fluoride toothpaste.
  • Floss your teeth once each day.
  • Visit your dentist for regular checkups and teeth cleaning.
  • Don't use tobacco products.
If you think you have a mild case of gum disease, make sure to take care of it before it gets worse. Keeping your teeth and gums healthy and getting regular checkups from your dentist can keep the disease from getting worse.


The following are some concerns about dental care for children:
  • How can I make a trip to the dentist enjoyable for my child?
    A visit to the dentist can be a scary thing for children. You can reduce this possibility by choosing your dentist carefully and preparing your child for his or her first visit. Most importantly, don't communicate your own fears to your child.
  • Will my child need fluoride?Fluoride is a chemical that helps prevent tooth decay and cavities. It is often added to local water supplies, toothpastes, and other mouth care products. If your water supply does not contain enough fluoride, your dentist may recommend other sources of fluoride.
  • How do I brush my child's teeth?
    It is important to start brushing your child's teeth when they first come in. This keeps your child's teeth and gums healthy and provides a good model for what he or she will do in the fut



 SANSKRIT » Adhyanda, Ajata, Ajuta, Amala, Aphala, Aruha, Bahupatra, Bahuphala, Bahupushpa, Bhudhatri, Bhumyamalaki, Charati, Chorata, Dalasparshini, Dridhapadi, Hilolika, Jada, Jharika, Jhatamala, Mala, Nilolika, Putrashronika, Shiva, Sukshmadala, Sukshmaphala, Tali, Tamalaki, Tamalika, Tamalini, Tamravalli, Uchchata, Vishaghni, Vishvaparni, Vitunnaka, Vituntika, Vrishya, Ara-valli
 HINDI » Hazarmani, Lal-bhuin-anvalah, Lalbhuinanvalah, Lalbhuin, Serhi
 BENGALI » Hazar mani, Badar, Hazarmani
 KANNADA » Kempu-kiranelli, Kempukiranelli, Kempu nelanelli, Kempu nela nelli, Kempu kira nelli
 MALYALAM » Chirukizhukanelli, Chukanna-kizha-nelli, Chukannakizhanelli
 MARATHI » Bhuiavala, Lalmundajanvali, Bhooyimabi, Laalbhooyavali, Laal mandaj aamvalee, Bhumy-avli
 TAMIL » Shivappunelli, Cenkilanelli, Civappu kilanelli, Cikappu ttantu, Cirappu kilanelli, Cirukilanelli, Shivappu-nelli, Chengizha-nelli, Keezhkai nelli
 TELGU » Erra-usirika, Ettausirika, Ucha chiyu, Usirika, Uchi usiri, Erra usirika, Neeti usiri


Erect, annual herbs, upto 60cm high. Leaves distichous, eliptic-oblong or linear-oblong. Flowers yellowish, grenish or whitish, axillary, male flowers 1-3, females solitary.

Root : Small, 2.5-11.0 cm long, nearly straight, gradually tapering with a number of fibrous secondary and tertiary roots, external surface light brown; fracture short. Transverse section of root shows 4-6 layers of cork consisting of thin walled, rectangular, tangentially elongated and radially arranged cells, filled with reddish brown content. Secondary cortex consists of 8-10 layers of thin walled, tangentially elongated parenchymatous cells.
Stem : Slender, glabrous, light brown, cylindrical, 20-75 cm long, branching profusely towards upper region, bearing 5-10 pairs of leaves; odour indistinct; taste slightly bitter. Transverse section shows single layered epidermis composed of thick walled, flattened, tangentially elongated cells. Older stem shows 4-5 layers of cork, composed of thin walled, tabular, tangentially elongated and radially arranged cells filled with reddish brown content.
Leaf : Leaves are small, sessile, entire, thin, glaucous beneath, oblong, broadly obtuse at apex and possess a few obscure veins. Each leaf bears a pair of minute, waxy white, lanceolate-subulate, free lateral stipules. Transverse section shows dorsiventral structure. The epidermis, upper as well as lower, is covered with thin cuticle and perforated by anomocytic stomata.

This species is native to tropical East Asia, now globally a weed of the tropics. Within India, it is common in open areas throughout.

The compost mixture consisting of loamy soil, ried cowdung manure, silver sand, powdered harcoal and brick is vry suitable for the cultivation of the crop.

DOSE Swaras 10 - 20 ml, Churna 3 - 6 gm
CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS Enantiomer of norsecurinine, Nirphyllin, Phyllnirurin, Corilagin, Ellagic acid, Gallic acid, Geraniin, Flavonoids

PHYSICAL CONSTITUENTS Root (Total ash 7.27 %, Acid insoluble ash 2.99 %, Alcohol extractive 6.60 %, Benzene extractive 0.64 %, Pet. Ether extractive 0.48 %, Chlorofrom extractive 0.68 %, Water extractive 4.44 %)
Stem (Total ash 8.86 %, Acid insoluble ash 1.01 %, Alcohol extractive 7.12 %, Benzene extractive 1.36 %, Pet. Ether extractive 1.04 %, Choloform extractive 1.40 %, Water extractive 5.16 %
 GUNA (Quality)
 RASA (Taste)
 VIPAK (Metabolism)
 VIRYA (Potency)
 PRABHAV (Impact)
 Laghu, Ruksha
 Tikt, Kashay, Madhur

PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTION Antifungal, Anticancer, Antispasmodic, Hypoglycaemic, Antiviral, Hepatoprotective

THERAPEUTIC USES Abdominal disorders
 Skin diseases
Amritaprasa ghrita



 SANSKRIT » Agnika, Agnimukha, Agnimukhah, Agnimukhi, Anala, Antasatva, Arshohita, Arushkara, Aruskara, Aruskarah, Avhala, Bhallatah, Bhallataka, Bhallatakah, Bhallataki, Bhallatamu, Bhalli, Bhallika, Bhutanashana, Bijapadapa, Dhanurvriksha, Krimighna, Kshatakshataru, Mahatikshna, Nirdahana, Prithakabija, Raktahara, Rujakarah, Shailabija, Shophanuta, Shothahrita, Snehabija, Sophahetuh, Sophakrt, Sphotahetu, Tapana, Vanhi, Vanhinama, Vatari, Virataru, Vranakrita
 HINDI » Belatak, Bhela, Bheyla, Bhilava, Bhilavan, Bhilawa, Bilaran, Bhilao, Bhilwa
 ENGLISH NUT » Marking nut
 MARATHI » Bibba, Bibu, Bibua, Bibha, Bibwa, Bibo
 BENGALI » Bhela, Soso
 ASSAMESE » Bhala, Bhela
 KANNADA » Aginimukhi, Bhallataka, Bhallika, Ger-kayi, Gerkayi, Geru, Gerubija, Goddugeru, Cheru, Gaeru kaayi, Godda gaeru, Karee gaeru, Keru, Karee geru, Agnimukhi, Balania, Char, Chara, Chera, Ger, Gera, Gheru, Karigaeru
 ORIYA » Bonebhalia
 PERSIAN » Biladur, Yaladara
 TELGU » Bhallataki, Bhallatamu, Gudova, Jeedivittulu, Jidi, Jidi-chettu, Jidi-vittulu, Nallajidi, Tummadamamidi, Tummedamamidi, Thummeda maamidi
 TAMIL » Erimugi, Kalagam, Kavaga, Pallam, Pallikkai, Pudanashanam, Se, Sengottai, Senkottai, Seran, Serangottai, Cerankottai, Shen-kottai, Sheran-kottai, Cenkottai, Cevvalankottai, Ceran kottai, Erimuki

A moderate sized, deciduous tree, 12-15 m high. Leaves simple, 17.5 - 60.0 cm long and 5-20 cm broad, obovate-oblong, glabrous above, ashy grey or buff and pubescent beneath. Flowers small, dull greenish yellow, dioecious, in terminal panicles.

Globally the species is distributed in the Paleotropics, from Tropical Asia to Australia. Within India it is distributed in the Sub-Himalayan tracts, Central, Peninsular and Eastern regions of the country.

It is propagated by seeds. Having poor viability the seeds should be sown soon after collection. Seedlings are frost-sensitive but have good power of recovery; they are frost-sensitive but have good power of recovery.

DOSE Kalk 3 - 6 gms, Oil 10 - 20 drops
Bhilawanol, Anacardoside oil, Nicotinic acid, Riboflavine, Thiamine, Methionine, Phenylalanine, Theonine, Tryptophan, Valine, Anacardic acid, Palmitic acid, Stearic acid, Cardol, Catechol, Anacardol, Semecarpol

PHYSICAL CONSTITUENTS Total ash 4 %, Acid insoluble ash 0.5 %, Alcohol soluble extractive 11 %, Water soluble extractive 5 %
 GUNA (Quality)
 RASA (Taste)
 VIPAK (Metabolism)
 VIRYA (Potency)
 PRABHAV (Impact)
 Laghu, Snigdh, Tikshan
 Katu, Tikt, Kashay

Anticancer, Antitumour, Antioxidant, Antiinflammatory, Analgesic, Antiarthritic, Hypotensive, Antispasmodic, Antiallergic, Nematicidal, Immunosuppressive, Cytotoxic, Cytoprotective, Antibacterial, Moderate analgesic, Immunomodulatory, Cardiac depressant

 Abdominal disorders esp in hook worms
Dhanvantara ghrita
Kalyana ksara
Narasimha ghrita rasayana
Panchanimb churna
Panhatiktaguggulu ghrita



 SANSKRIT » Asana, Asanah, Bandhukapushpa, Bija, Bijaka, Bijakah, Bijavriksha, Mahakutaja, Mahasarja, Nilaka, Paramayudha, Pitasala, Pitasalaka, Pitasara, Pitashala, Priyaka, Priyasalaka, Sauri
 HINDI » Banda, Bia, Bija, Bijasal, Bijasar, Bijesar, Bijesar-ka-per, Biya, Hiradokhi, Peisar, Piasal, Pitshola, Vijayasar, Hira-dokhi, Kholar-manda, Rang-barat, Piasai, Pitasara, Bija sal, Beeya, Bebla, Bija-sal
 URDU » Damulakhvain, Bijasar, Dam-ul-akhwain, Dam al akhwain, Gond china ar dhak, Damul-akhwain
 ENGLISH » Gamalu, East indian kino, Malabar kino, Maidu
 KANNADA » Benga, Bethonne, Bibla, Hanemara, Hannemara, Honne, Netturuhonne, Olehonne, Roktahonne, Bengai, Baenga mara, Honne mara, Kempu honne
 MALYALAM » Karintakara, Malantakara, Venna, Venna-maram, Venga, Honne, Karinthagara, Vengai, Vengay, Veuga
 MARATHI » Bibla, Honne, Asan, Asana, Dhorbenla, Honi, Huni, Asaaha, Bivala, Paleasan
 TAMIL » Asanam, Kani, Kurinji, Pidagaragam, Pidasaralam, Pirasaram, Sarudagam, Sarvasadagam, Tamisu, Tannini, Vengai, Venkai-c-ciray, Acamai
 TELGU » Asana, Beddagi, Egisa, Peddagi, Peddavegisa, Peddegi, Pedegu, Vegi, Vegisa, Vengisa, Yegi, Yegisi, Yerra yegisa, Yegisa

A moderate sized to large deciduous tree, upto 30 m high. Leaves imparipinnate, leaflets 5 to 7 oblong. Flowers yellowish, fragrant in large panicles. Pods orbicular and flat also wiged upto 5 cm in diameter.

Globally the species is distributed in India and SriLanka. Within India it is found in the hilly regions throughout the Deccan Peninsula (Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu) and extending to Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Orissa. This species has a restricted global distribution occuring only in India and Sri Lanka. Within India, it is found in the hilly regions of Deccan Peninsula, extending to Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Orissa.

It prefers a soil with a fair proportion of sand, though it is often found on red loam with a certain amount of clay. The normal rainfall in its natural habitat ranges from 75 to 200 cm

DOSE Kwath 50 - 100 ml, Churna 3 - 6 gm, Niryaas 1 - 3 gm
Kinotannic acid, Eudesmol, Marsupol, Carpusin, Propterol, A flavone, Pterostilbebe, Marsupin, A new chalcone derivative, Psuedobaptigenin, Liquiritigenin, Non-glusidal tanin, Kinoin, Protocatechuic acid

PHYSICAL CONSTITUENTS Foreign matter - 2 %, Total ash - 2 %, Acid insoluble ash - 0.5 %, Alcohol soluble extractive - 7 %, Water soluble extractive 5 %
 GUNA (Quality)
 RASA (Taste)
 VIPAK (Metabolism)
 VIRYA (Potency)
 PRABHAV (Impact)
 Laghu, Ruksha
 Kashay, Tikt

Extractive of heartwood showed statistically significant hypoglycaemic action in fasting rabbits 3 and 5 hours after oral administration. alcoholic extract of stem significantly lowered blood sugar and improved glucose tolerance of rabits.

THERAPEUTIC USES Blood disorders
 Skin disorders